In 2013, there were over 1400 public schools in Maryland in 24 jurisdictions (23 Counties and Baltimore City). There are numerous federal, state and local laws and regulations that govern school health programs in Maryland. These mandates also include a requirement for collaboration between the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DHMH) and the Maryland State Department of Education (MSDE) to support local school systems and local health departments to provide school health services.
The Office of School Health (OSH) is housed within the Health Systems and Infrastructure Administration (HSIA). OSH coordinates with MSDE to support quality health care provided through local school services programs including school based health centers. Responsibilities of the Office of School Health include:
The American School Health Association defines school health as “all the strategies, activities, and services offered in association with schools that are designed to promote students' physical, emotional, and social development.” Schools work with students, their parents, their caregivers, their families, and their community to provide a supportive environment in which various strategies, activities and services are planned and coordinated in order to ensure students’ academic success.
Coordinated school health (CSH) is a framework developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), aimed to improve students’ health in school and overall, so that they are able to learn and succeed academically. The coordinated school health approach aligns with student support through the following eight components:
Image Source: ASTHO: Making the Connection.
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